Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the sixth-most populous country with a population exceeding 199 million people. It is the 36th largest country in the world in terms of area with an area covering 881,913 km2 (340,509 sq mi). Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre (650 mi) coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest and China in the far northeast respectively. It is separated from Tajikistan by Afghanistan's narrow Wakhan Corridor in the north, and also shares a maritime border with Oman.
Pakistan is unique among Muslim countries as it is the only country to have been created in the name of Islam. As a result of the Pakistan Movement led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah and the subcontinent's struggle for independence, Pakistan was created in 1947 as an independent nation for Muslims from the regions in the east and west of the Subcontinent where there was a Muslim majority. Initially a dominion, Pakistan adopted a new constitution in 1956, becoming an Islamic republic. A civil war in 1971 resulted in the secession of East Pakistan as the new country of Bangladesh.
Pakistan is a federal parliamentary republic consisting of four provinces and four federal territories. It is an ethnically and linguistically diverse country, with a similar variation in its geography and wildlife. A regional and middle power, Pakistan has the seventh largest standing armed forces in the world and is also a nuclear power as well as a declared nuclear-weapons state, being the only nation in the Muslim world, and the second in South Asia, to have that status. It has a semi-industrialised economy with a well-integrated agriculture sector, its economy is the 26th largest in the world in terms of purchasing power and 45th largest in terms of nominal GDP and is also characterized among the emerging and growth-leading economies of the world.
State Emblem of Pakistan
The state emblem of Pakistan was adopted in 1954 and symbolizes Pakistan's ideological foundation, the basis of its economy, its cultural heritage and its guiding principles. The four components of the emblem are a crescent and star crest above a shield, which is surrounded by a wreath, below which is a scroll. The crest and the green colour of the emblem are traditional symbols of Islam. The quartered shield in the centre shows cotton, wheat, tea and jute, which were the major crops of Pakistan at independence and are shown in a form of shield and signify as the main agricultural base for the importance of the Nation's economy. The floral wreath, surrounding the shield, is Jasminum officinale (the national flower) and represents the floral designs used in traditional Mughal art and emphasizes the cultural heritage of Pakistan. The scroll supporting the shield contains Muhammad Ali Jinnah's motto in Urdu, which reads from right to left: (ایمان، اتحاد، نظم) "Īmān, Ittiḥād, Naẓm" translated as "Faith, Unity, Discipline", intended as the guiding principles for Pakistan.
The name Pakistan literally means "Land of the Pure" in Urdu and Persian. It comes from the word pāk meaning pure in Persian and Pashto while the word istān is a Persian word meaning place of; it is a cognate of the Sanskrit word sthāna.
It was coined in 1933 as Pakstan by Choudhry Rahmat Ali, a Pakistan Movement activist, who published it in his pamphlet Now or Never.
|Official Name||Islamic Republic of Pakistan
اسلامی جمہوریہ پاكستان (Urdu)
Islāmī Jumhūriyah Pākistān
|Motto||Īmān, Ittiḥād, Naẓm
ایمان، اتحاد، نظم (Urdu)
"Faith, Unity, Discipline"
|Official Languages||English, Urdu|
|Recognised National Languages||Urdu|
|Regional Languages||Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto, Balochi, Kashmiri, Brahui, Shina, Balti, Khowar, Burushaski Yidgha, Dameli, Kalasha, Gawar-Bati, Domaaki|
|Area||881,913 km2, 340,509 sq mi
Water (%) 3.1
|Population 2015 Estimate||199,085,847|
|Currency||Pakistani rupee (₨) (PKR)|
|Time Zone||PST (UTC+5)|
|ISO 3166 code||PK|
National Symbols of Pakistan
Pakistan is made up of four provinces, two territories and two special areas. Both special areas are in Kashmir. The provinces and territories were divided into 26 divisions with now 147 districts directly divided from the provinces. Each district is divided into several tehsils and each tehsil is divided into several union councils. There are around 596 tehsils and over 6,000 union councils of Pakistan.
- Balochistan Balochistan
- Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (formerly NWFP)
- Punjab Punjab
Among the four provinces, Punjab has the most people but Balochistan is the largest province by area.
- Islamabad Capital Territory
- Federally Administered Tribal Areas
- Azad Jammu and Kashmir
- Gilgit Baltistan
India, Pakistan and China separately control parts of the Kashmir region. India and Pakistan's parts are divided by a Line of Control. The Pakistan–China border is internationally known. Trade is common between the 2 countries.
National Anthem of Pakistan
At independence, on August 14, 1947, Pakistan did not have a national anthem. When the flag was hoisted at the independence ceremony it was accompanied by the song, "Pakistan Zindabad, Azadi Paendabad". The flag itself had only been approved by the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan three days earlier. The national anthem of Pakistan was written some time later by the Urdu poet Abu-Al-Asar Hafeez Jullundhri.
|پاک سرزمین شاد باد||Pāk sarzamīn shād bād||Blessed be the sacred land|
|كشور حسين شاد باد||Kishwar-e-hasīn shād bād||Happy be the bounteous realm|
|تو نشان عزم عالیشان||Tū nishān-e-`azm-e-`alīshān||Symbol of high resolve|
|! ارض پاکستان||Arz-e-Pākistān!||Land of Pakistan!|
|مرکز یقین شاد باد||Markaz-e-yaqīn shād bād||Blessed be thou, house of faith|
|پاک سرزمین کا نظام||Pāk sarzamīn kā nizām||The order of the sacred land|
|قوت اخوت عوام||Qūwat-e-ukhūwat-e-`awām||Is the might of the people's brotherhood|
|قوم ، ملک ، سلطنت||Qaum, mulk, sultanat||nation, country, and the state|
|! پائندہ تابندہ باد||Pā-inda tābinda bād!||Shine in everlasting glory!|
|شاد باد منزل مراد||Shād bād manzil-e-murād||Blessed be the goal of our aim|
|پرچم ستارہ و ہلال||Parcham-e-sitāra-o-hilāl||flag of the crescent and the star|
|رہبر ترقی و کمال||Rahbar-e-tarraqqī-o-kamāl||Leads way to progress and perfection|
|ترجمان ماضی شان حال||Tarjumān-e-māzī, shān-e-hāl||Interpreter of the past, glory of the present age|
|! جان استقبال||Jān-e-istiqbāl!||Inspiration of our future!|
|سایۂ خدائے ذوالجلال||Sāyah-e-Khudā-e-Zū-l-Jalāl||Symbol of the Almighty's protection|